What Do Cytokines Do?

Cytokines are a major component of cellular function. They are produced by the immune system, specifically by immune system cells such as helper T cells. Cytokines are also responsible for things such as inflammation.  These cytokines are small proteins which are created by the immune...
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What Vitamins Do You Need To Live?

There’s always a lot of talk about nutrition and vitamins.  However, there are some nutrients and vitamins that the human body cannot live without.  Here is a quick list of what your body finds essential to survive: Fat Soluble Vitamins: These are absorbed through fat...
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How Does The Heart Work?

The heart is made up of 4 chambers, divided between top and bottom.  The left chamber receives blood and the right chamber sends blood out to the lungs.  It’s the motor that is used to move blood throughout your body.  Arteries carry blood, and distribute...
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How Does The Hyperloop Work?

The hyperloop is a new transporation concept which is designed to carry travelers at a very rapid pace between distant points.  The concept of the Hyperloop is not complex: it has been around for quite some time.  The idea of the hyperloop is to combine...
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What is mRNA and How Is It Used?

MRNA is a single-stranded RNA molecule that moves genetic information from the nucleus of the cell to the ribosome.  The ribosome is where the single-stranded molecule is transcribed into a protein through the use of amino acids.  The mRNA nucleotides are 3 base pairs long, and...
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How Does Solar Energy Work?

Solar panels convert light from the sun to electricity, and absorb the light from the sun through the use of photo voltaic cells.  They convert energy from a range of light frequencies (but not the whole light spectrum).  Photo voltaic cells are made from silicon,...
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What Is Dark Energy?

The universe is (supposedly) expanding!  If the universe is expanding, that means we’re moving faster and faster to a point at which we’ll all be sucked up by a black hole. Dark energy is a type of energy which we don’t know a whole lot...
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