One area of research by IBM is in the field of quantum computing. The hope behind quantum computing is that computing time will be much more efficient than it is currently. It can transform fields such as finance, medicine, marketing, and distribution.
Quantum computing uses physics (quantum mechanics) for the purpose of making calculations extremely quickly. Instead of the familiar 1’s and 0’s, quantum computers use 4-state qubits (quantum bits). Algorithms can then perform operations on these quantum bits in a efficient way.
IBM has made their quantum computing platform accessible to people looking to experiment with it in a simulated environment. However, quantum computing is still very new – there is plenty of research and advancements to be made in the area before it can be useful. Quantum computing does promise to make computers faster and more capable.